Indigenous peoples of the world have paved the path for the future. Many who appear to have been left behind by society remain in their lifestyle by choice. Over thousands of years, Indigenous groups and tribes have persevered the elements that seemed to surround their way of life. They learned to respect nature and the cycles of the earth. It is this knowledge and wisdom that has helped their culture to survive for centuries. Most had to weather the tropical heat and weather related trials, while others braved the opposite extreme of the arctic.
Extreme temperatures of the Arctic hold freezing levels of dangerously cold air and winds. History tells us the Inuits have occupied these conditions for over four thousand years. They are closely genealogically related to the Mongloid people of Asia. Wen you imagine places such as the frozen sectors of Alaska or Greenland, you would not assume there were plentiful resources available. The Inuits adapted to their environment quickly and steadily which preserved their population for generations. More than half of the living Inuit still reside in the icy spaces of Alaska, Greenland and Canada.
Bringing their knowledge of survival with them, they were able to thrive in the intense cold. We do not have strict documentation of their earlier years; however skilled tactics were passed down giving us a glimpse of the past. Making homes out of snow and ice was not an easy task and it was also not the only way they built cover. Inuits managed to have domed structures of packed snow and tents made from animal skins. The thick layers of fur and skin were an important asset to the groups. Clothing, jackets and hats kept them warm through the day. Building a fire and blocking the wind were essential aspects when it reached intolerable temperatures.
Inuit Resources and Beliefs
The Inuits stayed well maintained with three distinct hunting seasons they followed. Caribou, seals and whales held a variety of uses. Lengthy hunting periods led to vast feasting and long hours of work in between seasons. Preparing the animals included breaking them down for specific purposes. They used every part of the animal turning hide into clothing and shelter, the meat into food and the bones were sharpened into tools and weapons. Once the items were completed, they made a durable and lasting contribution to the Inuits self-sustainability.
As a part of their hunting experience, Inuit peoples would perform rituals to honor the spirits of the bodies taken. The spirit world was navigated by Shamans of the different tribes. A strong belief in both positive and negative energies was their culture and tradition. Inuits encircled an ancient spirituality that continues to be evident in their belief systems today. Linking the success and survival of their families and communities to the various Gods they revered was more than a religion… it was their life.
America is a country of North America that has an intriguing history. What is now denoted as the land of the free was once the home of Native American Indians. It is believed they came to America from Asia during the Ice Age at least 13,000 years ago. They began their journey to the coastline where they found the region uninhabited. The Indians had their core beliefs and traveled together in groups or families. These tribes had a hierarchy, religious views and their own way of life.
A Native American Indian Culture
Before modern industry, America was rich in wildlife and natural resources. An abundance of clean waters, trees and wild grown berries and fruit gave a fresh opportunity for their people to thrive. Most of the Indians lived in peace while building their communities. The Indian reservations had shelter, food and age old tradition. They did not write letters or document their journeys making it difficult to recount their steps. What is known to us today is the result of archeological finds including tools, housing and various items that show us how they lived. Passed down tales of heroes, triumph and their intrinsic past is perhaps the most telling of the Native American culture.
The legacy and lore of Native Americans are a soulful experience that is still practiced today. Surrounded by the spirits of nature, their ancestors and the essence of the universe is largely displayed in their rituals. The peaceful demeanor of Indians had a content lifestyle that honored their intention to the world around them. Without Christianity as a basis of their religion, the need for wars or penance had a different face than what we see in current times.
The Infiltration of America
After several generations passed, we entered into the 15th century. Other countries had evolved past the beginning of times and melded into a modern experience. Society was on the move to the future while in America time seemed to stand still. When explorers traveled across the ocean, they crossed over into Indian territory. When they saw what was considered “uncivilized” behavior and living conditions, they no longer deemed the Indians as civil. Instead, the explorers treated the Indians as if they were a part of the scenery similar to the wildlife that lived in the forests.
America was officially declared as newly discovered and the new regime began to descend. The Indians tried to defend their land, homes and family, however, were out maneuvered by the magnitude of modern vices. The Indian population was gravely reduced due to exposure to unfamiliar illnesses, warfare and the eventual depletion of their rights. It wasn’t until many years later, the Indian reservations were held in a restored honorary position.
Native Americans have preserved their heritage and teachings. They have shared their culture with the world allowing for us all to have a moment to reflect on the past. It was a period of chaos that became a great nation. Despite the original connotation of intolerance, America is now a quilt of racial and religious diversity.
The Southern regions of Africa are a paragon of historical cultures and clues to our past.(more…)
It is well-known fact that the Amazon rainforest is a vital part of our planet. It is one of the last standing vast contributions that keep the delicate balance of the earth.(more…)
Indigenous tribes and groups have fascinated the modern world for many years. Amidst the chaos of western civilization, it is an intriguing concept to trade traffic and pollution for the subtlety of nature.(more…)
In a world of advancements, we are accustomed to living a technological lifestyle. (more…)
Russia is a vast country covering a massive geographical area, from east to west it covers 11 time-zones and is the largest country in the world. It is only natural that a great different number of indigenous people found home within its international borders. (more…)
In part one of our blog we saw how indigenous people are so important to the world that we live in. They are the guardians of a great proportion of the Earth’s remaining biodiversity and the key to us all understanding how to live in harmony with the environment we exist. (more…)
The definition of indigenous population is the population that has been residing in a region for a period of time. What isn’t clear is how long that period needs to be. In times when people are more sensitive than ever to people migrating in and out of areas, it is interesting to look at a country which has experienced so many different patterns of migration, that it is difficult to identify what is the actual indigenous population. (more…)
The population of the north of the continent becomes markedly different from the ethnic groups found further south as many Arab communities inhabit large areas of land. The Berbers have been on the continent for 10,000 years and are present across the northern part from Morocco in the west to Egypt in the east. This area used to be known as the Maghreb before being split into separate countries and the Berber presence even spreads into the Saharan Countries. The large majority of Berber people are Sunni Muslims but there are many different indigenous people associated with the culture and are generally linked by the language that is spoken or shared historical influences. (more…)
Who indigenous people are and how do they impact our world today? There are many explanations to describe these people and one is that they are first peoples. By this is meant that they were the first people known to inhabit a land, and are also called natives or aboriginals. The biggest difference between indigenous peoples and any other is that they were the original inhabitants and did not settle in a land from another place. (more…)
There are many different indigenous groups throughout the continent. Throughout the years these different groups of people have moved around the continent adapting to the different climatic and environmental conditions that they have been located in. One of the most recognizable groups have been the Maasai people that are found in Northern Kenya and Southern Tanzania. The current population is around 850,000 found in Kenya with another 150,000 being found in Tanzania. (more…)
Indigenous people, also known as first or native peoples, are ethnic groups who are the original settlers of a certain region. These groups of people are usually described as indigenous when they maintain traditions of an early culture that is associated with a specific region.(more…)
The indigenous populations on the continent of Africa are vast and varied. There are many subdivisions of different peoples with separate clans and tribes, so it is only achievable to understand a broad overview of the people. The situation is complicated further by the fact that many of these people are hunter gatherers and they follow changes in weather patterns. These patterns can change markedly over time, so the different ethnic people of one region can change, as its climate has evolved over time. (more…)
The Maoris are the indigenous people of New Zealand. They are the most recent of indigenous populations to be located in a certain area, as the Maoris have only been present in the country since around 1250. They are actually from the Polynesian Islands and first arrived in New Zealand by canoes. As they settled on the Islands, their isolation resulted in them adopting their own culture and language, which was total different from where they had originated from. (more…)
There is no more famous group of indigenous people than the Aboriginal Australians. Over the years they have constantly been in the news, as they have strived to overcome injustice and receive equal rights. In the process many incidents have been revealed that have shown them to have been exploited and treated poorly, with many of these cases still being under review. The Aboriginals have been living in Australia for over 60,000 years, which is actually before the continent separated from Papua New Guinea. (more…)
South America covers a large area and in this region there are numerous groups of indigenous people that have survived for thousands of years. It is believed that the first people to arrive in the region came over Asia across the Bering Strait and travelled down from North America. The earliest human inhabitants can be dated back to 14,000 BC in Mount Verde in Southern Chile, and their descendants went on to populate the rest of the continent. The indigenous people were very much hunter gatherers however some practiced advanced agricultural techniques, such as irrigation to farm the land. (more…)
This area of the world has been home to large populations of indigenous people for thousands of years. They varied between tribes that would be found in the most remote parts of tropical rainforests to ancient kingdoms that were as developed as any other region in the world. One of the most well-known empires was the Aztec Empire which ruled the Valley of Mexico from 1427 until being conquered by the Spanish in 1521. The empire consisted of three cities, Mexico-Tenochtitlan, Texcoco and Tlacopan that controlled most of Mexico. The area consisted of Nahua people who spoke Nahuati. (more…)
The problems European settlers had in trying to occupy large areas of the United States later led to the story lines for many a Hollywood film. At the centre of the picture would often be the conflict that the new settlers would have with the indigenous population. This led to many spin offs as the story would be told of brave cowboys overcoming hostile Indians. As time has evolved these feelings of patriotism have slowly changed. The feeling is now that the Europeans came across the United States and took the lands away from the indigenous people. (more…)
The indigenous people of Canada area also known as the aboriginal people of the country. Currently there are around 1.67 million indigenous people in Canada of which almost 1 million are First Nations people, 590,000 are Metis people and 66,000 are Inuit’s. These three broad categories of different peoples does not include the many varieties of different groups that actually exist in the country. Generally speaking the Inuit’s occupy the Arctic and northern regions of the country, the First Nations people occupy everywhere else south of the Arctic, and the Metis have descended from European and Indigenous parents. (more…)